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Knox College Library
Special Collections & Archives

2 E. South St.
Galesburg, IL 61401
309-341-7392
archives@knox.edu

Blacks in Galesburg: City Directory Information

City directories listed the race of an individual if they were non-white. See below for directory information for the years 1857, 1861 and 1867.


City Directory for 1857

Entries taken from Galesburg, Monmouth, Knoxville and Abingdon Directories, Henry N. McEvoy, Robert Fergus, Book & Job Printer, Chicago, 1857.

[Abbreviations used in the original text have been replaced with full words.]

Galesburg [Knox County]
A note on page 30 indicates the population as being "about 6000.]

  • Love, Caesar, (colored) house Kellogg north of Ferris
  • McGill, Arthur, (colored) farmer, east of City
  • Paine, John H., (colored) hairdresser, Main east of Public Square house at corner West and Simmons
  • Turner, Washington, (colored) laborer, Tompkins west of Academy
  • Westfall, Widow of J. (colored) Brooks

[Under the section CHURCHES AND PASTORS the entry below is listed. The Reverend Woodfork is not among the Galesburg or Monmouth entries.] Colored Methodist Episcopal [Church] - Rev. A. Woodfork, Pastor, at the School-house on Monmouth Road.

Monmouth [Warren County]

  • Miller, Chapman, (colored) washer, East north of railroad
  • Morris, George, (colored) barber, under McMillian House

Abingdon [Knox County]
None

Knoxville [Knox County]
[A note on page 129 estimates the population to be 2500.]
Smith, Samuel, (colored) hair dresser, corner Main and Broad way, up stairs

City Directory for 1861

Entries taken from Root's Galesburg City Directory for the year 1861, Omi E. Root, Galesburg, IL, 1861.
[Abbreviations used in the text have been replaced with full words.]

  • Barber, Archibald, colored, laborer, residence North, south side, 1st door east of Sumner.
  • Barquet, Joseph H., colored, mason, residence Brooks, north side, 1st door west of Henderson.
  • Bevely, Abraham I.J., (colored) shoemaker, Public Square, west side, 6th door south of Main; residence Kellogg, east side, 2nd door north of Tompkins.
  • Cannan, James (colored), cook, residence Academy, west side 2nd door north of Main.
  • Dremer, Mrs. (colored), residence Academy, west side, 1st door north of Main.
  • Fleming, George Francis (colored), laborer, Prairie, west side, 3rd door north of Main; boards
  • Prairie, west side, 1st door south of Ferris.
  • Greenwell, Charles (colored), laborer, residence North, south side, 1st door east of Sumner.
  • [Could the following be a black man?
    Henderson, Rev. Levi, pastor African M. E. Church, residence Tompkins, north side, 2nd door west of Academy.]
  • Henderson, Violet (colored), widow of Joseph, residence Tompkins, north side, 2nd door west of Academy.
  • Johnson, James (colored), farmer, residence West, east side, 1st door south of Main.
  • Knight, Mrs. Marium (colored), residence Mulberry, south side, 2nd door west of Henderson Road.
  • Knox, David (colored), laborer, residence North, south side, 1st door east of West.
  • Marlow, Levi (colored), cook, residence Main, north side, 3rd door east of Prairie.
  • McGill, Arthur (colored), laborer, residence Mulberry, south side, 2nd door west of Henderson Road.
  • McGill, George (colored), laborer, residence Mulberry, south side, 2nd door west of Henderson Road.
  • Richardson, Richard (colored), farmer, residence Academy, west side, 2nd door north of Main.
  • Richardson, Thomas Tillford (colored), farmer, residence Academy, west side, 2nd door north of Main.
  • Searles, George Washington (colored), farmer, residence Tompkins, north side, 8th door west of Academy.
  • Searles, James Madison (colored), farmer, residence Kellogg, east side, 2nd door north of Tompkins.
  • Smiley, John (colored), residence Broad, east side, 2nd door south of Simmons.
  • Smith, James (colored), laborer, 39 Main; boards Main, north side, 3rd door east of Prairie.
  • Trusty, John (colored), firm of Williams & Trusty, residence Ferris, north side, 1st door west of Seminary.
  • Turner, Washington (colored), laborer, residence Mulberry, south side, 3rd door west of Henderson Road.
  • Westfall, Matilda (colored), widow of Jacob, residence Brooks, south side, 5th door west of Academy.
  • Williams & Trusty (S.W. & J.T.) (colored), barbers, 27 Main.
  • Williams, Stokely (colored), firm of W. & Trusty, residence Seminary, east side, 2nd door south of Waters.
  • Woods, William (colored), carpenter, residence Mulberry, south side, 1st door west of Henderson Road.

[The following entry is listed in the section “Omissions, Removals, Corrections” and the individual may be black. There is no indication if the information is a removal, an omission or a correction.] p. 8 African M.E. Church: Seth B. Hoisington, Superintendent Sunday School.

[p. 92 lists the following:]

AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH --- Organized September, 1856, by the present Pastor, then a missionary here. House of worship situated on Tompkins street, between Cherry and Prairie. Rev. Levi Henderson, Pastor. Number of members 21. Hours of service in winter, 10 1/2 A. M. and 7 1/2 P.M.; in summer 11 A.M. and 7 P.M. Sunday School organized June 1856. P. Hoserton, Superintendent. Meets in winter at 3 P.M., in summer at 4 P.M. Number of teachers 10; scholars, 36. Number of volumes in Sunday School Library 60.

City Directory for 1867

List of black heads of households in Annewalt & Lawrence’s 1867 Galesburg Directory Annewalt & Lawrence's Galesburg Directory, containing a catalogue of inhabitants --- A full report of religious, educational, benevolent, social and political institutions -- An index of business, and the advertisements of enterprising business men; to which is prefixed A Sketch of the City, Burlington, Iowa, Merchant Printing Co, 1867.

Additional note on title page:
1867-1869 issued December First
[There is no indication of which year]

Note on table of contents page:
Population of Galesburg. This directory contains the names of two thousand nine hundred different persons, nearly all of whom are males over the age of twenty. This, according to the ratio adopted by Directory Publishers, would indicate a total population in the City, of from eleven to thirteen thousand.

[Abbreviations used in the original text have been replaced with full words as part of this transcription. Punctuation has been added for clarity. Names in bold type appeared in bold type in the original.]
[Anything not part of the original text is added in brackets [ ] by the transcriber. This includes information and observations.]

p. 26
Second Baptist Church --- Colored
Organized September 7th, 1865. The present number of members, 45. Sunday services 11 A.M. and 7.P.M. Communion first Sabbath of every month; commencing the first Sunday in October, 1865. Covenant meetings first Sunday of every month. Prayer meetings every Wednesday evening. Pastor- Rev. J.W. Forlkner (colored) Deacons -- Ed. Washington, Thomas Roads and George Hulbert. Treasurer ---Thos. Roads. Trustee ---Moses Jenkins. Sunday School meets 3 P.M. --- Mead, Superintendent. Number of teachers, 20; average number of scholars, 60; number of volumes in library, 200.

p. 27
Methodist Episcopal Church --- African
Organized 1856. Number of its members, 120. House of worship Tompkins Street, two door west of Prairie. Erected in 1857; size of building, 24 by 48. Rev. ______________, Pastor; hours of worship, 10 1/2 a.m. and 7 1/2 p.m. Sabbath school every Sabbath at 2 1/2; Superintendent _________________. Class meeting every Sunday at 4 P.M. and Tuesday 7 1/2 p.m; Prayer meeting every Wednesday, 7 1/2 P.M. Number of Sabbath school teachers 20; scholars, 300; average attendance, 175; number of volume sin library 500.

  • Alexander Mrs. Melissa, (colored) residence 36 Broad, 2 doors south of Simmons.
  • Allen Henry, (colored) laborer; residence South, north side, 2 doors east of Day.
  • Angel Benjamin, (colored) laborer; residence Brooks, north side, 1 door west of West.
  • Arnett D. (colored) porter; residence Main, north side, 2 doors west of Cedar.
  • Bailey Emmanuel, (colored) barber; boards 22 Tompkins.
  • Barber Archy, (colored) laborer; residence North, south side, 1 door east of Pearl.
  • Barquette Joseph, (colored) laborer; residence Maple Av, 4 doors north of North.
  • Bates Robert, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, south side, 5 doors west of Pine.
  • Bell Charles, (colored) laborer; boards 36 Broad, east side, 2 doors south of Simmons.
  • Berry William, (colored); residence Monmouth, south side, 4 doors west of Henderson.
  • Blake Mrs. Louisa, (colored) residence Mulberry, south side, 7 doors east of Pine.
  • Branch -------, (colored) teamster; boards 36 Broad, 2 doors south of Simmons.
  • Briggs Isaac, (colored) plasterer; residence Water, south side, 1 doors west of West.
  • Brown John E., (colored) laborerorer, residence Mulberry, north side, 1 doors east of Pine.
  • Brown Patrick, (colored) farmer; residence Simmons, south side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Brown Z. B., (colored) barber shop American House; boards same.
  • Butler Ben, (colored) laborer; residence Abingdon, south of Knox.
  • Chaves James, (colored) farmer; residence Broadway, east side, 2 doors north of Losey.
  • Cook Perry, (colored) laborer; residence Knoxville Road, north side, 1 door east of Main.
  • Crawford James, (colored) ostler Carson & Fenton's [livery stable]; residence Ferris, south side, 4 doors east of Kellogg.
  • Curtis John, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, north side, 2 doors east of Pine.
  • Daniels George, (colored) laborer; residence Brooks, north side, 1 door west of West.
  • Davis Charles, (colored) laborer; residence Lombard, west side, 2 doors south of Mulberry.
  • Davis James D., (colored) residence Chambers, northeast corner Brooks.
  • Davis John, (colored) laborer; residence West, northeast corner of Simmons.
  • Davis Joseph H., (colored) residence West, west side, 7 doors north of North.
  • Davis William, (colored) laborer; residence North, west of Clark.
  • Davis Wm. A., (colored) residence West, west side, 7 doors north of North.
  • Davis Rev. William J. (colored) African Missionary M. E. Church; residence West, west side, 7 doors north of North.
  • Dawsey Frank, (colored) residence Henderson west side 2 doors north of Brooks.
  • Dickson John, (colored) laborer; boards 30 Broad, west side, south of Simmons.
  • Dorsey Frank, (colored) laborer. Hemp Works; residence Henderson.
  • Downing Hiram, (colored) laborer; residence Henderson, east side, 2 doors north of North.
  • Duke Henry, (colored) porter 11 and 13 E. Main; residence Abingdon, northeast corner at Second.
  • Elzy William, (colored) laborer.; residence Pine, east side, 1 door north of South.
  • Finchure J. B., (colored) barber 36 E. Main; residence Prairie, west side, 4 doors south of South.
  • Fisher Milby L., (colored) (Fisher & Williams) [listed in Business Directory as a livery stable] residence Waters, south side, 2 doors east of Cedar.
  • Fletcher George, (colored) teamster; residence Knoxville Road, north side, 2 doors east of Main.
  • Fletcher James, (colored) laborer.; residence South, southwest corner at Day.
  • Fletcher Paul, (colored) laborer.; residence West, west side, 4 doors north of North.
  • Forlkner Rev. J. W., (colored) pastor Baptist Church; residence Cedar, west side, 2 doors north of Main.
  • Gaines George, (colored) Hair Dressing and Shaving Saloon, Prairie southeast, corner Simmons, 2d floor; residence South, south side, 1 door east of Railroad [yards].
  • Gasberry Charles, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, north side, west of Pine.
  • Gash A., (colored) laborer.; residence Tompkins, south side, 1 door east of Henderson.
  • Gash Frank, (colored) laborer; residence Tompkins, south side, 1 door east of Henderson.
  • Gash George, (colored) ostler Dow & Tenney’s; residence Tompkins.
  • Gash Mrs., (colored) residence Tompkins, south side, 1 door east of Henderson.
  • Gash William; (colored) laborer; residence Cedar, northwest corner at Simmons.
  • Graves Cornelius, (colored) engineer Novelty Works; residence Cedar, southeast corner at Waters.
  • Graves, J. T. [not listed as colored] (Graves & Stanley) residence 35 E. Simmons.
  • Graves, Mrs. V.A. [not listed as colored], ladies hairdresser, residence 35 E. Simmons.
  • Graves & Stanley, (colored) (J. T. Graves and J. Stanley) barbers 31 E. Main.
  • Grayson Alfred, (colored) teamster; residence North, south side, 2 doors east of Pearl.
  • Hawkins Hugh, (colored) engineer Galesburg Hemp Factory. [no residence listed]
  • Hayes Moses (colored) residence Lombard, west side, 2 doors south of Mulberry.
  • Helms Charles, (colored) carpenter; residence Pine, west side, 2 doors south of Brooks.
  • Henderson C., (colored) painter; residence West, northeast corner at Simmons.
  • Henderson Mrs. Lucretia, (colored) residence 22 W. Tompkins.
  • Henderson Mrs. V., (colored) residence 22 W. Tompkins.
  • Henderson William, (colored) residence West, northeast corner at Simmons.
  • Hopkins John, (colored) teamster; residence Mulberry, south side, 6 doors east of Pine.
  • Jackson John, (colored) ostler Dow & Tenney’s [livery stable]; residence at S. Dow’s.
  • Jackson Mrs. Susan, (colored) residence Lombard, west side, 2 doors south of Mulberry.
  • Jenkins Moses, (colored) laborer; residence Brooks, north side, 1 door west of West.
  • Jenkins W. H., (colored) Hair Dressing and Shaving Saloon, Cherry, west side, 1 door south of Main; boards Henshaw House.
  • Johnson Mrs. Betty, (colored) residence Tompkins, north side, 3 doors east of Henderson.
  • Johnson Daniel. (colored) residence First, north side, south of Abingdon.
  • Johnson Jerry, (colored) bricklayer; residence South, south side, 2 doors east of Railroad yard.
  • Johnson John, (colored) laborer; residence Tompkins, north side, 3 doors east of Henderson.
  • Johnson John, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 1 doors east of Pine.
  • Johnson Mrs. Lizzie, (colored) residence Knoxville Road, north side, east of Mulberry.
  • Jones Mrs. Jane, (colored) residence Tompkins north side 1 doors east of Henderson.
  • Keen Daniel, (colored) brick moulder; residence North, south side, 2 doors east of Pearl.
  • Lane John, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 2 doors east of Pine.
  • Lawsey Peter, (colored) laborer; residence First, north side, 3 doors west of Pine.
  • Leonard Peter, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 3 doors east of Pine.
  • Lewis Isaac, (colored) farmer; residence Pine, west side, 1 door south of South.
  • Lines Mrs. Anne, (colored) residence w Maple Av. 5 doors north of North. [text error: Maple Avenue is a north-south street.]
    [Note: The following names may be black individuals:]
  • Lockwood Miss Anna L., assistant teacher colored school; residence Berrien, north side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Lockwood Miss E. E., principal colored school; residence Berrien, north side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Lockwood Mrs. Parthena, residence Berrien, north side, 2 doors east of West.]
  • Logan Peter, (colored) farmer residence Mulberry, north side, 1 door east of Knoxville Road.
  • Lyons James, (colored) laborer; residence w Maple av. 3 doors north of North. [text error: Maple Avenue is a north-south street.]
  • Magruder James, (colored) teamster; residence Clark, east side, 1 door north of North.
  • Mayfield Nelson, (colored) laborer; residence Henderson, west side, 2 doors north of Brooks.
  • McAtee George, (colored) laborer; residence Tompkins, north side, 3 doors east of Henderson.
  • McGill Rev. Arthur, (colored) residence Mulberry, south side, 8 doors east of Pine.
  • McGill Isaah, (colored) bricklayer; residence South, south side, 2 doors east of Railroad [yard].
  • McGruder Charles, (colored) porter; residence corner North and Cherry.
  • Metchem Rev. E. J., (colored) residence northwest corner Clark and North.
  • Milburn Jacob, (colored) shoemaker; residence Mulberry, south side, 5 doors east of Pine.
  • Morgan George, (colored) laborer; boards Tompkins, north side, 5 doors east of Henderson.
  • Morgan Henry, (colored) laborer; boards Tompkins, north side, 5 doors east of Henderson.
  • Nelson Moses, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, north side, west of Pine.
  • Nelson William, (colored) laborer; residence Harding, southeast corner at South.
  • Outland Philander, (colored) barber W. H. Gilbert; boards 22 W. Tompkins.
  • Owens George, (colored) laborer; residence Lombard, 4 doors south of Mulberry.
  • Perkins Joseph, (colored) plasterer; residence northwest corner Clark and North.
  • Perkins Joshua, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, northwest corner at Pine.
  • Perkins Marshall, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, south side 3 doors west of Pine.
  • Pollard Mrs. Mary, (colored) residence Simmons, south side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Reed Mrs. S., (colored) residence Simmons, south side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Rhodes Thomas, (colored) laborer; residence West, west side, 3 doors north of North.
  • Richardson J. R., (colored) teamster; residence Academy, west side, 2 doors north of Main.
  • [Note: The following individual was not listed as colored:]
    Richardson Mrs. Susan, residence Ferris, north side, 2 doors east of West.
  • Richardson Thomas, (colored) farmer; residence Academy, west side, 2 doors north of Main.
  • Root Barnabas W., (colored) student; residence Henderson, west side, 3 doors north of Brooks.
  • Searles Francis, (colored) residence Chambers, east side, 2 doors north of Brooks.
  • Searles G. W., (colored) brickmaker; residence Tompkins, north side, 5 doors east of Henderson.
  • Shaw Enoch, (colored) carpenter; residence Mt. Vernon, east side, 2 doors north of First.
    [Mt. Vernon ran from First St. south to Fourth, 6th West from Broad. No such street exists today.]
  • Slaughter Elijah, (colored) hackler Hemp Works; residence Knox, south side, 2 doors west of Pine.
  • Slaughter J. L., (colored) laborer Hemp Works; residence Knox, south side, 6 doors west of Pine.
  • Smith Horatio, (colored) teamster; residence Mulberry, south side, 3 doors east of Pine.
  • Soloman George, (colored) laborer Hemp Works; residence Knox, north side, 2 doors west of Pine.
  • Sommers Alfred, (colored) apprentice; residence Mulberry, south side, 4 doors east of Pine.
  • South Elias, (colored) laborer; residence Simmons, south side, doors west of Cedar.
  • South Jacob, (colored) residence Simmons, south side, doors west of Cedar.
  • Stanley, J. [not listed as colored] (Graves & Stanley) boards American House.
  • Sullivan Newton, (colored) barber 36 E. Main; residence South.
  • Summers John, (colored) teamster E. Post; residence 36 Broad, 2 doors south of Simmons.
  • Tate James, (colored) laborer; residence Knox, south side, 4 doors west of Pine.
  • Thomas J., (colored) barber 36 E. Main [Finchure]; boards Prairie, west side, 4 doors south of South.
  • Thompson Edward, (colored) residence South, south side, 1 door east of Railroad [yard].
  • Tillet Alfred, (colored) laborer; residence West, east side, 2 doors north of Simmons.
  • Timm Otho, (colored) residence South, northwest, corner Pearl.
  • Todd H. S., (colored) laborer; residence Harding, southeast side, corner South.
  • Town Robert, (colored) laborer; residence Fulton, east side, 3 doors north of Main.
  • Trumbll Mrs. Eliza, (colored) residence Henderson, southwest corner at South.
  • Washington Bolivar, (colored) helper Novelty Works; residence Pine, west side, 2 doors south of South.
  • Washington Mrs. Catharine, (colored) residence Mt. Vernon, east side, 2 doors south of First.
    [Mt. Vernon ran from First St. south to Fourth, 6th West from Broad. No such street exists today.]
  • Washington Edward, (colored) laborer; residence Cedar, northeast corner Knox.
  • Washington George, (colored) plasterer; residence Waters, south side, 2 doors east of Cedar.
  • Washington George, (colored) laborer; residence First, north side, 3 doors west of Pine.
  • Washington Henry, (colored) laborer; residence rear Mulberry, north side, 1 door west of Pine.
  • Watts Mrs. Eliza, (colored) residence West, east side, 2 doors north of Simmons.
  • Webster Rev. Harrison, (colored) residence ------- st 6 n North doors west of Clark. [exact copy of listing in original text]
  • Welcome Aaron, (colored) carpenter; residence Mulberry, south side, 4 doors east of Pine.
  • Welcome Reuben, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 4 doors east of Pine
  • Westfall Mrs. -------, (colored) residence Brooks, south side, 2 doors west of Pine
  • Williams Charles, (colored) laborer; residence Lombard, 3 doors south of Mulberry
  • Williams George, (colored) (Fisher & Williams;) residence 1st northeast corner Mt. Vernon.
    [Mt. Vernon ran from First St. south to Fourth, 6th West from Broad. No such street exists today.]
  • Williams George, (colored) blacksmith; residence First, north side, 3 doors west of Pine
  • Williams George, (colored) laborer; residence Ferris, north side, 1 door east of Main
  • Williams Mrs. Mary, (colored) residence Mulberry, south side, 3 doors east of Pine
  • Williams S. D., (colored) teamster; residence Brooks, southwest corner Pine
  • Williams William, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 3 doors east of Pine
  • Wilson Frank, (colored) laborer; residence Mulberry, south side, 5 doors east of Pine
  • Wilson John, (colored) farmer; residence Mulberry, north side, 1 doors east of Pine
  • Woodrow Alfred, (colored) teamster; residence First, north side, 3 doors west of Pine
  • Woods William, (colored) mason; residence Mulberry, south side, 9 doors east of Pine.